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  • Literature Review Essentials: Identify Themes

Title Slide: Canyons and Blue Sky

Theme 1: Name or description of theme, which will eventually be made into a topic sentence Author Name (Year), Paraphrase of relevant material related to the theme Author Name (Year), Paraphrase of relevant material related to the theme Repeat as needed for all the sources you’ve found that deal with this theme Theme 2: Name or description of theme, which will eventually be made into a topic sentence Author Name (Year), Paraphrase of relevant material related to the theme Author Name (Year), Paraphrase of relevant material related to the theme Repeat as needed for all the sources you’ve found that deal with this theme Continue as needed, depending on how many themes you have identified in the literature and how many sources have information to contribute to the themes.

what are literature review themes


what are literature review themes

This was very helpful Jes! Thanks a lot.

what are literature review themes

We're glad you found this post helpful, Eniale!

Thank you Jes. I found your method to thematic literature review very useful and easy to understand. I am a Phd student in Education with the University of Durban.I am based in Zimbabwe.

We are glad you found this method useful!

I am having difficulties locating an example of a completed literature review outline. Where would I find additional examples? Thank you.

Hello! While we don't have a sample completed literature review for you to look at, you will find partial examples using some of the links here: http://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/assignments/literaturereview We offer a few different resources included webinars, podcasts, other blog posts, and more.

You’re welcome!

Hi is literature review writing same as writing a thematic summary after reading articles based on the given topic?

Great question! It depends on the assignment (what faculty want with the thematic summary assignment). For literature reviews, paragraphs revolve around themes within the literature as opposed to authors. So, when Jes uses the phrasing, "thematic literature reviews," she is referring to how literature reviews are about synthesizing themes across the literature as opposed to creating paragraphs that are summaries for each singular author/ source. You can read more about synthesis on our website http://bit.ly/2JEUK09

Really very helpful article for me, dear author, thank you for it very much. Not so long time ago I was looking for any helpful information about dissertation lit review examples but I could find nothing at all. And t hat is why I am so lucky to find this your article, be cause right here I can find a lot of good answers to my questions. So, dear author, please write more articles on these topics and I am sure that you will have a lot of thankful readers! And I will be among them, of course!

We're happy to help! Be sure to check out the rest of the posts in our literature review essentials series, which you can find linked here: http://waldenwritingcenter.blogspot.com/2017/03/literature-review-essentials-five-part.html

thank you, this one is useful.

Glad you found it useful!

I've been in a slump for weeks regarding a literature review assignment. This is very very helpful! Thank you!

We're happy this helped! Good luck with your literature review!

I'm doing a lit review for a post grad certificate and I have to discuss the findings using a framework analysis, can you lead me to the right section. Yours struggling

Hello, You might check with your professor regarding what is meant by “framework analysis” in relation to the finding of your literature review. While the Writing Center has some sources on components of writing literature reviews, it is best to speak with faculty regarding assignment specifics. You might also check out our page on literature reviews: https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/assignments/literaturereview We hope this helps!

i have found it useful, it has polished me some how, my problem in the literature review is how to formulate themes and subthemes for the topic. forexample dealing with solid waste skips monitoring and management for municpalities. what themes can i build on in the study. thank you dear.

Hello! I think creating an outline my help you identify some main themes and sub themes and then you can choose what themes and sub themes you want to focus on from there. You might check out our outlining page for tips on creating an outline: http://bit.ly/2WP3UCe. We hope this helps!

Thank you! My professor referenced this link/article for the literature review assignment in a research class. This was helpful.

So glad you found it helpful! Thank you for commenting!

This really was helpful. I feel so much better about tackling my lit review now. Thanks!

Helping writers gain confidence in their skills is one of our primary goals for this blog. Thank you for reaching out with this kind note to let us know we are on the right track! :)

Really informative study. It helped me in finding themes in literature. Plz if u can give me your email. It will be very helpful to me in writing my dissertation

This was very helpful; clear and concise. Thank you!

Oh Jes! you just sent me back to the drawing board, guilty of annotated bibliography. Thank you for this helpful writeup.

I'm sure you're not alone! And there is a reason this is a blog post topic. :) Kudos for identifying potential issues in your own writing and thank you so much for reading and commenting!

im failing to understand the concept themes

This can be a tricky concept to grasp, which is why we've created blog posts like this one. Basically, "themes" are ideas that connect so that writers are organizing based on themes rather than on sources. So instead of having one paragraph about one article, another paragraph about a different article, and a third paragraph about a third article, the paragraphs would be organized based on common ideas shared between two or three of the articles. You might check out our MEAL plan resources (https://academicanswers.waldenu.edu/faq/72800), or our resources for synthesis (https://academicanswers.waldenu.edu/faq/72694) for further clarification. Hope this helps! Thanks for reading!

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How to Write a Literature Review: Writing the Review

Writing the Review

Why Are You Writing This?

There are two primary points to remember as you are writing your literature review:

General Steps for Writing a Literature Review

Here is a general outline of steps to write a thematically organized literature review. Remember, though, that there are many ways to approach a literature review, depending on its purpose.

Specific Points to Include

More specifically, here are some points to address when writing about specific works you are reviewing. In dealing with a paper or an argument or theory, you need to assess it (clearly understand and state the claim) and analyze it (evaluate its reliability, usefulness, validity). Look for the following points as you assess and analyze papers, arguments, etc. You do not need to state them all explicitly, but keep them in mind as you write your review:

These, however, are just the points that should be addressed when writing about a specific work. It is not an outline of how to organize your writing. Your overall theme and categories within that theme should organize your writing, and the above points should be integrated into that organization. That is, rather than write something like:

     Smith (2009) claims that blah, and provides evidence x to support it, and says it is probably because of blip. But Smith seems to have neglected factor b.      Jones (2011) showed that blah by doing y, which, Jones claims, means it is likely because of blot. But that methodology does not exclude other possibilities.      Johnson (2012) hypothesizes blah might be because of some other cause.

list the themes and then say how each article relates to that theme. For example:

     Researchers agree that blah (Smith 2009, Jones 2011, Johnson 2012), but they do not agree on why. Smith claims it is probably due to blip, but Jones, by doing y, tries to show it is likely because of blot. Jones' methodology, however, does not exclude other possibilities. Johnson hypothesizes ...

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Literature Reviews in Education

Themes and Gaps

Identifying the themes and gaps in the research helps you understand the scholarly conversation around your research topic. This is the purpose of the literature review. Here are some questions to help you examine your articles for themes and gaps. 

Hint! The gaps are important because that is were you'll find room for your research to fit into the conversation. 

Search form

You are here, identifying themes to structure your literature review.

In order to develop the sections in your literature review you will need to be able to draw out the key themes from your reading. The following questions are designed to help you achieve this:

(Adapted from Langdridge and Hagger-Johnson (2009); Bryman (2008); and Hart, cited in Punch, 2009)

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How to Write a Literature Review | Guide, Examples, & Templates

Published on January 2, 2023 by Shona McCombes .

What is a literature review? A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources on a specific topic. It provides an overview of current knowledge, allowing you to identify relevant theories, methods, and gaps in the existing research that you can later apply to your paper, thesis, or dissertation topic .

There are five key steps to writing a literature review:

A good literature review doesn’t just summarize sources—it analyzes, synthesizes , and critically evaluates to give a clear picture of the state of knowledge on the subject.

Table of contents

What is the purpose of a literature review, examples of literature reviews, step 1 – search for relevant literature, step 2 – evaluate and select sources, step 3 – identify themes, debates, and gaps, step 4 – outline your literature review’s structure, step 5 – write your literature review, free lecture slides, frequently asked questions, introduction.

When you write a thesis , dissertation , or research paper , you will likely have to conduct a literature review to situate your research within existing knowledge. The literature review gives you a chance to:

Writing literature reviews is a particularly important skill if you want to apply for graduate school or pursue a career in research. We’ve written a step-by-step guide that you can follow below.

Literature review guide

Writing literature reviews can be quite challenging! A good starting point could be to look at some examples, depending on what kind of literature review you’d like to write.

You can also check out our templates with literature review examples and sample outlines at the links below.

Download Word doc Download Google doc

Prevent plagiarism. Run a free check.

Before you begin searching for literature, you need a clearly defined topic .

If you are writing the literature review section of a dissertation or research paper, you will search for literature related to your research problem and questions .

Make a list of keywords

Start by creating a list of keywords related to your research question. Include each of the key concepts or variables you’re interested in, and list any synonyms and related terms. You can add to this list as you discover new keywords in the process of your literature search.

Search for relevant sources

Use your keywords to begin searching for sources. Some useful databases to search for journals and articles include:

You can also use boolean operators to help narrow down your search.

Make sure to read the abstract to find out whether an article is relevant to your question. When you find a useful book or article, you can check the bibliography to find other relevant sources.

You likely won’t be able to read absolutely everything that has been written on your topic, so it will be necessary to evaluate which sources are most relevant to your research question.

For each publication, ask yourself:

Make sure the sources you use are credible , and make sure you read any landmark studies and major theories in your field of research.

You can use our template to summarize and evaluate sources you’re thinking about using. Click on either button below to download.

Take notes and cite your sources

As you read, you should also begin the writing process. Take notes that you can later incorporate into the text of your literature review.

It is important to keep track of your sources with citations to avoid plagiarism . It can be helpful to make an annotated bibliography , where you compile full citation information and write a paragraph of summary and analysis for each source. This helps you remember what you read and saves time later in the process.

To begin organizing your literature review’s argument and structure, be sure you understand the connections and relationships between the sources you’ve read. Based on your reading and notes, you can look for:

This step will help you work out the structure of your literature review and (if applicable) show how your own research will contribute to existing knowledge.

There are various approaches to organizing the body of a literature review. Depending on the length of your literature review, you can combine several of these strategies (for example, your overall structure might be thematic, but each theme is discussed chronologically).


The simplest approach is to trace the development of the topic over time. However, if you choose this strategy, be careful to avoid simply listing and summarizing sources in order.

Try to analyze patterns, turning points and key debates that have shaped the direction of the field. Give your interpretation of how and why certain developments occurred.

If you have found some recurring central themes, you can organize your literature review into subsections that address different aspects of the topic.

For example, if you are reviewing literature about inequalities in migrant health outcomes, key themes might include healthcare policy, language barriers, cultural attitudes, legal status, and economic access.


If you draw your sources from different disciplines or fields that use a variety of research methods , you might want to compare the results and conclusions that emerge from different approaches. For example:


A literature review is often the foundation for a theoretical framework . You can use it to discuss various theories, models, and definitions of key concepts.

You might argue for the relevance of a specific theoretical approach, or combine various theoretical concepts to create a framework for your research.

Like any other academic text , your literature review should have an introduction , a main body, and a conclusion . What you include in each depends on the objective of your literature review.

The introduction should clearly establish the focus and purpose of the literature review.

Depending on the length of your literature review, you might want to divide the body into subsections. You can use a subheading for each theme, time period, or methodological approach.

As you write, you can follow these tips:

In the conclusion, you should summarize the key findings you have taken from the literature and emphasize their significance.

When you’ve finished writing and revising your literature review, don’t forget to proofread thoroughly before submitting. Not a language expert? Check out Scribbr’s professional proofreading services !

This article has been adapted into lecture slides that you can use to teach your students about writing a literature review.

Scribbr slides are free to use, customize, and distribute for educational purposes.

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A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources (such as books, journal articles, and theses) related to a specific topic or research question .

It is often written as part of a thesis, dissertation , or research paper , in order to situate your work in relation to existing knowledge.

There are several reasons to conduct a literature review at the beginning of a research project:

Writing the literature review shows your reader how your work relates to existing research and what new insights it will contribute.

The literature review usually comes near the beginning of your thesis or dissertation . After the introduction , it grounds your research in a scholarly field and leads directly to your theoretical framework or methodology .

A literature review is a survey of credible sources on a topic, often used in dissertations , theses, and research papers . Literature reviews give an overview of knowledge on a subject, helping you identify relevant theories and methods, as well as gaps in existing research. Literature reviews are set up similarly to other  academic texts , with an introduction , a main body, and a conclusion .

An  annotated bibliography is a list of  source references that has a short description (called an annotation ) for each of the sources. It is often assigned as part of the research process for a  paper .  

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McCombes, S. (2023, January 02). How to Write a Literature Review | Guide, Examples, & Templates. Scribbr. Retrieved February 27, 2023, from https://www.scribbr.com/dissertation/literature-review/

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Literature Reviews

What this handout is about.

This handout will explain what literature reviews are and offer insights into the form and construction of literature reviews in the humanities, social sciences, and sciences.


OK. You’ve got to write a literature review. You dust off a novel and a book of poetry, settle down in your chair, and get ready to issue a “thumbs up” or “thumbs down” as you leaf through the pages. “Literature review” done. Right?

Wrong! The “literature” of a literature review refers to any collection of materials on a topic, not necessarily the great literary texts of the world. “Literature” could be anything from a set of government pamphlets on British colonial methods in Africa to scholarly articles on the treatment of a torn ACL. And a review does not necessarily mean that your reader wants you to give your personal opinion on whether or not you liked these sources.

What is a literature review, then?

A literature review discusses published information in a particular subject area, and sometimes information in a particular subject area within a certain time period.

A literature review can be just a simple summary of the sources, but it usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis. A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that information. It might give a new interpretation of old material or combine new with old interpretations. Or it might trace the intellectual progression of the field, including major debates. And depending on the situation, the literature review may evaluate the sources and advise the reader on the most pertinent or relevant.

But how is a literature review different from an academic research paper?

The main focus of an academic research paper is to develop a new argument, and a research paper is likely to contain a literature review as one of its parts. In a research paper, you use the literature as a foundation and as support for a new insight that you contribute. The focus of a literature review, however, is to summarize and synthesize the arguments and ideas of others without adding new contributions.

Why do we write literature reviews?

Literature reviews provide you with a handy guide to a particular topic. If you have limited time to conduct research, literature reviews can give you an overview or act as a stepping stone. For professionals, they are useful reports that keep them up to date with what is current in the field. For scholars, the depth and breadth of the literature review emphasizes the credibility of the writer in his or her field. Literature reviews also provide a solid background for a research paper’s investigation. Comprehensive knowledge of the literature of the field is essential to most research papers.

Who writes these things, anyway?

Literature reviews are written occasionally in the humanities, but mostly in the sciences and social sciences; in experiment and lab reports, they constitute a section of the paper. Sometimes a literature review is written as a paper in itself.

Let’s get to it! What should I do before writing the literature review?

If your assignment is not very specific, seek clarification from your instructor:

Find models

Look for other literature reviews in your area of interest or in the discipline and read them to get a sense of the types of themes you might want to look for in your own research or ways to organize your final review. You can simply put the word “review” in your search engine along with your other topic terms to find articles of this type on the Internet or in an electronic database. The bibliography or reference section of sources you’ve already read are also excellent entry points into your own research.

Narrow your topic

There are hundreds or even thousands of articles and books on most areas of study. The narrower your topic, the easier it will be to limit the number of sources you need to read in order to get a good survey of the material. Your instructor will probably not expect you to read everything that’s out there on the topic, but you’ll make your job easier if you first limit your scope.

Keep in mind that UNC Libraries have research guides and to databases relevant to many fields of study. You can reach out to the subject librarian for a consultation: https://library.unc.edu/support/consultations/ .

And don’t forget to tap into your professor’s (or other professors’) knowledge in the field. Ask your professor questions such as: “If you had to read only one book from the 90’s on topic X, what would it be?” Questions such as this help you to find and determine quickly the most seminal pieces in the field.

Consider whether your sources are current

Some disciplines require that you use information that is as current as possible. In the sciences, for instance, treatments for medical problems are constantly changing according to the latest studies. Information even two years old could be obsolete. However, if you are writing a review in the humanities, history, or social sciences, a survey of the history of the literature may be what is needed, because what is important is how perspectives have changed through the years or within a certain time period. Try sorting through some other current bibliographies or literature reviews in the field to get a sense of what your discipline expects. You can also use this method to consider what is currently of interest to scholars in this field and what is not.

Strategies for writing the literature review

Find a focus.

A literature review, like a term paper, is usually organized around ideas, not the sources themselves as an annotated bibliography would be organized. This means that you will not just simply list your sources and go into detail about each one of them, one at a time. No. As you read widely but selectively in your topic area, consider instead what themes or issues connect your sources together. Do they present one or different solutions? Is there an aspect of the field that is missing? How well do they present the material and do they portray it according to an appropriate theory? Do they reveal a trend in the field? A raging debate? Pick one of these themes to focus the organization of your review.

Convey it to your reader

A literature review may not have a traditional thesis statement (one that makes an argument), but you do need to tell readers what to expect. Try writing a simple statement that lets the reader know what is your main organizing principle. Here are a couple of examples:

The current trend in treatment for congestive heart failure combines surgery and medicine. More and more cultural studies scholars are accepting popular media as a subject worthy of academic consideration.

Consider organization

You’ve got a focus, and you’ve stated it clearly and directly. Now what is the most effective way of presenting the information? What are the most important topics, subtopics, etc., that your review needs to include? And in what order should you present them? Develop an organization for your review at both a global and local level:

First, cover the basic categories

Just like most academic papers, literature reviews also must contain at least three basic elements: an introduction or background information section; the body of the review containing the discussion of sources; and, finally, a conclusion and/or recommendations section to end the paper. The following provides a brief description of the content of each:

Organizing the body

Once you have the basic categories in place, then you must consider how you will present the sources themselves within the body of your paper. Create an organizational method to focus this section even further.

To help you come up with an overall organizational framework for your review, consider the following scenario:

You’ve decided to focus your literature review on materials dealing with sperm whales. This is because you’ve just finished reading Moby Dick, and you wonder if that whale’s portrayal is really real. You start with some articles about the physiology of sperm whales in biology journals written in the 1980’s. But these articles refer to some British biological studies performed on whales in the early 18th century. So you check those out. Then you look up a book written in 1968 with information on how sperm whales have been portrayed in other forms of art, such as in Alaskan poetry, in French painting, or on whale bone, as the whale hunters in the late 19th century used to do. This makes you wonder about American whaling methods during the time portrayed in Moby Dick, so you find some academic articles published in the last five years on how accurately Herman Melville portrayed the whaling scene in his novel.

Now consider some typical ways of organizing the sources into a review:

Sometimes, though, you might need to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body. What other sections you include in the body is up to you. Put in only what is necessary. Here are a few other sections you might want to consider:

Questions for Further Research: What questions about the field has the review sparked? How will you further your research as a result of the review?

Begin composing

Once you’ve settled on a general pattern of organization, you’re ready to write each section. There are a few guidelines you should follow during the writing stage as well. Here is a sample paragraph from a literature review about sexism and language to illuminate the following discussion:

However, other studies have shown that even gender-neutral antecedents are more likely to produce masculine images than feminine ones (Gastil, 1990). Hamilton (1988) asked students to complete sentences that required them to fill in pronouns that agreed with gender-neutral antecedents such as “writer,” “pedestrian,” and “persons.” The students were asked to describe any image they had when writing the sentence. Hamilton found that people imagined 3.3 men to each woman in the masculine “generic” condition and 1.5 men per woman in the unbiased condition. Thus, while ambient sexism accounted for some of the masculine bias, sexist language amplified the effect. (Source: Erika Falk and Jordan Mills, “Why Sexist Language Affects Persuasion: The Role of Homophily, Intended Audience, and Offense,” Women and Language19:2).

Use evidence

In the example above, the writers refer to several other sources when making their point. A literature review in this sense is just like any other academic research paper. Your interpretation of the available sources must be backed up with evidence to show that what you are saying is valid.

Be selective

Select only the most important points in each source to highlight in the review. The type of information you choose to mention should relate directly to the review’s focus, whether it is thematic, methodological, or chronological.

Use quotes sparingly

Falk and Mills do not use any direct quotes. That is because the survey nature of the literature review does not allow for in-depth discussion or detailed quotes from the text. Some short quotes here and there are okay, though, if you want to emphasize a point, or if what the author said just cannot be rewritten in your own words. Notice that Falk and Mills do quote certain terms that were coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study. But if you find yourself wanting to put in more quotes, check with your instructor.

Summarize and synthesize

Remember to summarize and synthesize your sources within each paragraph as well as throughout the review. The authors here recapitulate important features of Hamilton’s study, but then synthesize it by rephrasing the study’s significance and relating it to their own work.

Keep your own voice

While the literature review presents others’ ideas, your voice (the writer’s) should remain front and center. Notice that Falk and Mills weave references to other sources into their own text, but they still maintain their own voice by starting and ending the paragraph with their own ideas and their own words. The sources support what Falk and Mills are saying.

Use caution when paraphrasing

When paraphrasing a source that is not your own, be sure to represent the author’s information or opinions accurately and in your own words. In the preceding example, Falk and Mills either directly refer in the text to the author of their source, such as Hamilton, or they provide ample notation in the text when the ideas they are mentioning are not their own, for example, Gastil’s. For more information, please see our handout on plagiarism .

Revise, revise, revise

Draft in hand? Now you’re ready to revise. Spending a lot of time revising is a wise idea, because your main objective is to present the material, not the argument. So check over your review again to make sure it follows the assignment and/or your outline. Then, just as you would for most other academic forms of writing, rewrite or rework the language of your review so that you’ve presented your information in the most concise manner possible. Be sure to use terminology familiar to your audience; get rid of unnecessary jargon or slang. Finally, double check that you’ve documented your sources and formatted the review appropriately for your discipline. For tips on the revising and editing process, see our handout on revising drafts .

Works consulted

We consulted these works while writing this handout. This is not a comprehensive list of resources on the handout’s topic, and we encourage you to do your own research to find additional publications. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using. For guidance on formatting citations, please see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial . We revise these tips periodically and welcome feedback.

Anson, Chris M., and Robert A. Schwegler. 2010. The Longman Handbook for Writers and Readers , 6th ed. New York: Longman.

Jones, Robert, Patrick Bizzaro, and Cynthia Selfe. 1997. The Harcourt Brace Guide to Writing in the Disciplines . New York: Harcourt Brace.

Lamb, Sandra E. 1998. How to Write It: A Complete Guide to Everything You’ll Ever Write . Berkeley: Ten Speed Press.

Rosen, Leonard J., and Laurence Behrens. 2003. The Allyn & Bacon Handbook , 5th ed. New York: Longman.

Troyka, Lynn Quittman, and Doug Hesse. 2016. Simon and Schuster Handbook for Writers , 11th ed. London: Pearson.

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In the previous article , you looked at how the literature review, wherever it is found, whether in the introduction or in a separate section, might be organised chronologically. Perhaps a more common way to organise the literature review is to group the literature as you see it – that is, to organise and discuss the literature by theme.

Advantages of doing a thematic literature review 

Deciding on a thematic literature review

One way to do decide going thematic with your literature review is to categorise your bibliography at an early stage into groups , each of which deals with a particular issue in a similar way.

Note : There are innumerable ways of viewing the literature from a thematic standpoint and there is no one correct method to write or structure a thematic literature review. It is more important to consider what approaches would be more useful to your research project and what would help you to best address your research questions / hypotheses .

Structuring and writing a thematic literature review

Here are some points to keep in mind when organising and writing your literature review thematically.

A. Beginning the review

Reviewing the literature thematically by groups offers you a flexible starting point. Where you begin can impact how you present the rest of the literature. 

B. Being evaluative

The thematic approach allows you to identify the strengths and weaknesses of a theme within your specific research. This means that it may be less descriptive than taking a more chronological approach, and would likely be more evaluative or analytical . 

C. Establishing your credentials

This review is an important element in establishing your academic credentials, especially at the PhD level. In journal articles , though, you need to keep it as concise as possible, and be selective in choosing the most relevant and appropriate literature to contextualise your specific research.

D. Ending the review

You will probably want to end with the literature closest to your research . The last part may need to go into greater detail if it covers the literature that is the most relevant to your own topic.

Thematic literature review: Example

Below is the first section to an article which clearly breaks up the first part of the literature review into three broad themes (structure, social construction and historical evolution), providing the most prominent names associated with each one. (Note the highlighted text.)

Over the last 20 years, a large number of studies on academic writing have been devoted to the research article, in particular, its structure, social construction and historical evolution. A number of these studies have concerned themselves with the overall organization of various parts of the research article , such as the introduction (e.g. Swales, 1981, Swales, 1990, Swales and Najjar, 1987), the results sections (Brett, 1994, Thompson, 1993), discussions (Hopkins & Dudley-Evans, 1988) and even the abstracts that accompany the research articles (Salager-Meyer, 1990, Salager-Meyer, 1992). Various lexico-grammatical features of the research article (RA) have also been explored, ranging from tense choice to citation practices. Beyond the textual structure of this genre, research has also focused on the historical development of the research article (Bazerman, 1988, Atkinson, 1993, Salager-Meyer, 1999, Vande Kopple, 1998) and the social construction of this genre (Myers, 1990).

Read previous (second) in series: How to structure and write a Chronological Literature Review

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what are literature review themes

Bitesize Webinar: How to write and structure your academic article for publication: Module 5: Conduct a Literature Review

Charlesworth Author Services 04/03/2021 00:00:00

what are literature review themes

Bitesize Webinar: How to write and structure your academic article for publication: Module 7: Write a strong theoretical framework section

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what are literature review themes

Bitesize Webinar: How to write and structure your academic article for publication: Module 8: Write a strong methods section

what are literature review themes

Bitesize Webinar: How to write and structure your academic article for publication: Module 9:Write a strong results and discussion section

what are literature review themes

How to identify Gaps in research and determine your original research topic

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what are literature review themes

Developing and framing a Research Question for different types of studies

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what are literature review themes

Developing and writing a Research Hypothesis

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  1. Themes from literature review.

    what are literature review themes

  2. Themes identified from the literature review

    what are literature review themes

  3. Literature Review Essentials: Identify Themes

    what are literature review themes

  4. Key themes from Literature Review that Inform the Research and the Thesis

    what are literature review themes

  5. 10 Best Methods to Structure Your Literature Review

    what are literature review themes

  6. Key themes from Literature Review

    what are literature review themes


  1. What is Literature Review?

  2. Literature Review Made Easy

  3. Zavia Episode #05 of Ashfaq Ahmad by

  4. Themes Nova Review

  5. How to Write a Literature Review?

  6. What is literature? (part-1)


  1. What Are Some Examples of Themes in American Literature?

    Common themes in American literature include the great journey, the loss of innocence, the great battle, love and friendship, and revenge. The theme of a book is the underlying meaning within the story.

  2. What Does Theme Mean in Literature?

    In literature, a theme is a common thread or main idea that is repeated throughout a literary work. The theme of a novel or story is the major message that organizes the entire work.

  3. What Are Types of Themes?

    Although there are an infinite combination of topics for themes, there are two basic types of themes in literature: major and minor. A major theme is the central message of a story.

  4. Literature Review Essentials: Identify Themes

    Literature reviews should be organized thematically because the purpose is to show, overall, what the literature has demonstrated. The goal is

  5. Identify Themes and Gaps in Literature

    Finding connections between sources is key to organizing the arguments and structure of a good literature review. In this video, you'll

  6. How to Write a Literature Review: Writing the Review

    Focus your writing on the theme of that section, showing how the articles relate to each other and to the theme, rather than focusing your

  7. Literature Reviews in Education

    Identifying the themes and gaps in the research helps you understand the scholarly conversation around your research topic.

  8. What is Theme?

    A literary theme is the unifying or dominant idea in a work of fiction. This is not to be confused with the plot. The theme is the main topic or central idea.

  9. Identifying themes to structure your literature review

    Identifying themes to structure your literature review · What do I already know? · What are the key concepts and definitions within this area of study? · What are

  10. How to Write a Literature Review

    For example, if you are reviewing literature about inequalities in migrant health outcomes, key themes might include healthcare policy, language

  11. Literature Reviews

    A literature review can be just a simple summary of the sources, but it usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis. A summary

  12. Read widely Describe common themes and trends

    multiple studies, and relate back to a main topic or bigger theme.

  13. How to structure and write a Thematic Literature Review

    The thematic approach allows you to identify the strengths and weaknesses of a theme within your specific research. This means that it may be

  14. Literature Review Outline Once you have an idea of the themes that

    As you can see, each larger theme has numerous sub-themes. Drafting such a strong outline takes a huge step towards the successful writing of a literature